January 2019 Meeting

WHEN:   Wednesday, January 9 – 6:30 p.m. Pizza, 7:00 p.m. Meeting & Program

WHO:  Julie Sackett, current manager of DNR’s Forest Health Division.  She was previously one of DNR's westside Stewardship & Technical Assistance Foresters, and she is a small farm/forest landowner in our region (Oakville).  She is a member of SSFFA, and she practices what she preaches!

WHAT:  FOREST HEALTH

Growing healthy forests means using science to understand the needs of trees, bugs, fungi, fire, water, and more. The Washington State Department of Natural Resources develops information about all the types of forests that we manage—from rainforests on the Olympic Peninsula, to moderate Puget Sound lowlands, to the pine-dominated forests of Central and Eastern Washington.

DNR scientists carry out research and monitoring that DNR uses to make science-based decisions about its forest management practices.  DNR's Forest Health Program works with federal and other partners to provide technical assistance about tree and forest health care to all types of public and private landowners.

Whether you are interested in healthy tree growth, diseases or pests that affect trees, or in how to create older forest conditions next to streams, lakes, and rivers, DNR can assist. 

Come to this meeting and learn what DNR can do for you

 

WHERE: Thurston County Courthouse, Building 1, Room 150, 2000 Lakeridge Dr. SW, Olympia, WA.  Note:  For security reasons, the building is locked after business hours.  The door into room 150 is to the left of the double door entry to the building.  If the double doors are locked, knock on the door to the left of the double doors, and someone will open that door for you.  However, please try to arrive before 7 p.m. to avoid disrupting the meeting and program.

DIRECTIONS:  Take exit for Cooper Point/Auto Mall Drive; follow signs to courthouse:  Right on Evergreen Park Dr., Left onto Lakeridge Dr., Right into Court House and Parking area.  Follow driveway to left.  Building #1 is on Right side of complex, with parking area behind.

2019 Meetings Tentatively Planned:  2nd Wednesday, unless noted.  Mark your Calendars!

Indoor meetings are usually in Room 150 of the Thurston County Courthouse

Outdoor tours are in a designated location and may include a carpool.

February 13 -- -- Millwood -- Chinese Coffins – Rich Nelson

Mar. 13 -- Meth Labs & Other Hazards & Trespass Issues on Your Tree Farm

April 10 -- Stihl Chainsaw Workshop @ Chehalis facility

May 2-4 WFFA Annual Meeting in Silverdale - Plan to attend! Our chapter is responsible for and will need help with Flyers, gifts, registration, auction, and vendors.        

June 8 (Saturday) -- Annual Mini-Field Day and Picnic @ Ken and Bonnie Millers’ TF

July 10 - Julie Sackett’s Tree Farm in Oakville - tentative

Aug. 14 – Cranberry Lake in Shelton area

Sept. 11– Stella Jones Pole Yard w/Larry Putnam in Tacoma

Oct. 9 – Cultural Tour of Squaxin Island Museum – Cultural information and tour of Historical Displays

November 13 -- Planning meeting for 2020 programs and tours

 
SUMMARY OF JBLM TOUR on OCTOBER 10:

Two foresters, Ryan Mansfield and Rick Kuykendall led the tour on this beautiful day.  Ryan works with the Army DPW-Forestry to decide what area to cut.  Rick works for the Army Corps of Engineers and arranges the contracts and administers the cutting.  Joint Base Lewis-McCord is comprised of approximately 90,000 acres, but there are only two fish bearing streams.  Much of the soil is glacial till. There are about 60,000 acres of timbered land, but only 53,000 acres are managed for timber sales.  95% of the trees on the base are Douglas-fir.  The base was created in 1917 when counties donated the land to the military for a base.  If the base were closed, the land will be returned to the counties.

Hunting with bows and guns is allowed on the base and that is supervised by the Morale Welfare and Recreation Department.  Both deer and elk can be found on the base.  There is also an active horseback riding club that utilizes the training areas.

The base has 47 miles of fence, but most of the base is unfenced.  Visitors are supposed to have a pass, but because most of the base is open, many people trespass.  The open part of the base make for a goodly amount of trash dumping.  Two weeks a year, during “Pride Week” the soldiers on the base clean up trash.  The base has a trash cop, who works to stop the dumping.

Most of the timber harvesting is thinning because the military likes the overhead cover, which can be important in the training of the soldiers, since it can conceal tactical movement from aircraft and satellites.

The base has about 200 acres of old growth timber, but it is in the Artillery Impact Area so is metal contaminated from shrapnel and is not part of the harvest areas.  Fires occasionally set off ammunition that is left out in the field.  The soldiers are told to stay out of areas where timber is being harvested, but occasionally soldiers will walk by areas where tree are being fallen. 

Each year the base harvests about 8 million board feet of timber.  This works out to about 800 to 1,000 acres a year that are mostly thinned.  The average size of a cut tree is about 25 inches in diameter.  On some timber sales we’ve had more than half the trees go out as poles. In recent years it has been difficult to find buyers for timber that is that large or larger.  The forest land on the base is Forest Stewardship Council certified.  The net profits are used on the base and some is shared with other bases that do not have timber.  Finally the counties get 40% of the remaining profit monies.

There needs to be a reset, since many of the trees on the base are getting big, because not enough are being harvested.  There is a need to spray herbicides to kill Scotch broom, ivy, blackberries, and other brush.  The base has a federally certified person that applies the herbicides.  The base also burns areas on the base to control the brush.

The White Horse area was the first parcel we examined.  This was Training Area 15 within a 94 acre area that had been recently thinned, sprayed, and planted.  790,000 board feet of Douglas-fir was harvested.  The thinning was not done from underneath but rather across the board (different sizes) with the goal of creating species diversity.  The planted trees were tubed with two bamboo stakes and ties and were mostly cedar.  Apparently the cost of planting each tree and putting on the vexar tube was around $5 which includes the contracting costs.  The trees were individually marked for harvest according to very specific and detailed instructions, with one of the main goals being diversity.  Most of the trees on the base are 80 to 100 years old.  The harvested trees were all Douglas-fir.  The harvests are done on a scale basis, not a lump sum.  The scale cuts nearly always end up being within about 5% of what is expected.

Each area on the base is typically thinned about once every 10 to 15 years.  Patch cuts are done occasionally where there are pockets of root rot or a desire to create diversity.  Tree morality seems to be increasing a bit because of the drought conditions of the last few summers.  The bark beetle is also a likely cause of the higher morality.   Natural regeneration does play a role in areas that are thinned, especially so because of the diversity goal.

The second area we visited was the Oak Haven area, 53 acres with about 350,000 board feet of timber that will be harvested in a few months, with the object of releasing the small oaks that are common in the area.  The Douglas-fir that are harvested will net the base about $600 to $650/MBF.  Rick believes that the contractor harvesting the logs will get about $800/MBF, a small margin that would be unprofitable except that poles make up some of the logs and they can bring in as much as $1,200 per thousand.

Feller-bunchers are sometimes used for harvests on the base.  Rick said that they can often do trees as big as 32 inches by cutting from one side and then the other, and then pushing the tree over after making cuts.

The base has a good relationship with the Nisqually Tribe.  It has an archeologist on staff to help protect cultural and historical sites.

Area three, our third stop, was Burn’s Woods, 170 acres from which 500,000 bd. ft. of timber was recently harvested.  These were small patch cuts of about .5 acres that were intended to expand around regeneration areas.

Each year about 4,000 acres of land on the base are mowed, but the effect is very temporary.  Burning works better to control brush, especially on Scotch broom after the third burning rotation.  The base follows state guidelines on burning, although it is not required to do so.  In places the burning along the road works very well and flames die out when they reach the woods when conditions are right. The main concern with burning is to keep.

Report on September 2018 Meeting

Kent Jones of Resources Contractors LLC owns a 2 acre log yard near Onalaska that buys clear alder that can be sliced into veneer.  About 90% of the veneer is exported, primarily to Russia, Germany, and Asia.  Most of the veneer is used for cabinets and other high quality items.  Kent is also the Southwest Washington procurement manager for a pole company in Bellingham that buys Douglas-fir and cedar for poles.  He shared details on the specifications of the logs he buys and information about how they are processed.
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Report on July 2018 Meeting

50 people attended the annual Field Day at Ken and Bonnie Miller's and visited an adjacent piece of property that the Miller's have recently purchased and are trying to plant. Is it a FOOL’S ERRAND or MISSION IMPOSSIBLE?
Ken used a plow to create some raised areas for planting in a typically wet area and has planted a variety of species.  Western white pine seems to be doing well.  He has planted western red cedar and has it protected from deer browse with Vexar.

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Report on April 2018 Meeting

John Henrikson presented American Tree Farm System's “My Land Plan”, a free online tool, which can be accessed at www.MyLandPlan.org.  ATFS encourages tree farmers to use this tool to help develop their management plans, but it stops short of being a fully-featured plan that is generally required for certification and cost-share programs. The most useful features are its maps and activity logs.
 
John has used My Land Plan, which draws on Google Maps, to create electronic maps of the boundaries, roads, trails, and features on his Naselle tree farm. 

He also described 2 other software programs of potential interest to members: GaiaGPS and ArcGIS.

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Report on February 2018 Meeting

Mike Warjone of Port Blakely gave a presentation titled "Cross Laminated Timber and The Future of Commercial Wood Construction." He gave a similar talk at the Lewis County Farm Forestry Association meeting in April 2017 and a video of his 29 minute presentation can be viewed here.

Mike believes that more commercial buildings in the future will be built out of wood and fewer from steel because energy is becoming more expensive and it costs much less to build structures from wood than from steel or concrete. Prefabrication construction techniques can be used offsite with CLT wood buildings which means the building can be constructed faster by putting pieces together on site with less negative impact and disruption to the community and also at a lower cost.

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Report on January 2018 Meeting

Bruce Alber of Wilbur-Ellis presented information about weed control and the long lasting positive correlation of tree health

Key points from his talk:

  • It is critical to have first year weed control with new seedlings.
  • Early weed control resulted in twice the volume for a 23 year-old plantation verses an untreated area.
  • Weed control results in greater root vigor in early stage seedling growth which also minimizes long term deer browse damage.
  • For best results you need to take out grass and not just the overtopping alder trees in a Doug Fir plantation. There really is no benefit to the young seedling if you do not take out the grass.
  • Broadcast spraying when the trees are dormant is the most effective treatment technique. If you need to spot spray, treating an area at least 3 to 4 feet in diameter is best.
  • Data very clearly shows that preventing weeds early on leads to bigger trees.

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MEMBERSHIP

Our membership drive continues.  You are all encouraged to approach at least one person for membership.  Our chapter will give a $25 rebate to new members for the first year. Membership Special for 1st time new members: $45 for 1 year, 1 chapter. 

WFFA does a lot more than have meetings.  Maintaining favorable conditions, regulations, and attitudes regarding land ownership requires member participation and vigilance.Contact President Justin Becker: [email protected] or 360-789-8449 or Treasurer Bonnie Miller: 360-705-1888.

South Sound Farm Forestry Association Co-Secretaries: Norma Green, 360 753-1487 and Brian LeTourneau, 360 943-8774

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South Sound chapter typically meets the 2nd Wednesday of each month except November and December.

-- January through April and October are educational meetings held in Olympia, usually at the Thurston County Courthouse.  FOOD is provided at 6:30 p.m., Business meeting at 7:00 p.m., followed immediately by program.

-- May through September are field tours at various locations, usually starting at 6:30 p.m.

For more information, contact the chapter president at [email protected]   

Becker drone image July 2018.
Becker drone image July 2018. Many forestry influences seen including conversion pressure, riparian buffer area, hardwood pockets, maple tree dead zones, fire (takes a sharp eye).

Chapter Officers
President Justin Becker
Co-Secretary Norma Green
Co-Secretary Brian LeTourneau
Treasurer Bonnie Miller